On January 14, 2011, we had a workshop on programming Atmel ATTiny13 chips. The ATTiny13 is an 8 pin microcontroller that can do a lot, and costs about $2 in low volume. The workshop was conducted by Dale Wheat and he did an excellent job. Dale’s guide is available here.(VeryTinyDevelopment). This is just my notes. They don’t give all the nice detail Dale had. They are intended to add some information that I think might help on our future projects. Since the February 2011 project will use the same programmer we learned about this month, but use the ATTiny45 or the ATTiny85, I will show where the differences matter to us.
To connect the programmer to the breadboard containing the ATTiny, we use a breakout board developed by Dale and a 10 pin ribbon cable. Here is a picture of a breadboard with the board plugged in with an ATTiny chip in it.
Datasheet on Atmel ATTiny 25/45/85
Datasheet on Atmel ATTiny 13/13V
Important differences between ATTiny13a and ATTiny85
1. ATTiny85 has more memory
2. ATTiny85 pin 2, 3 have added function of XTAL and OC1B
3. ATTiny85 pin 5, 6, 7 have slightly different functions
4. AtTiny85 has a superset of the machine instruction set of ATTiny13a
5. memory(flash/eeprom/sram) AtTiny13 1K/64/64 ATTiny85 8K/512/512
6. sample compile options for ATTiny13a/ATTiny45/ATTiny85
avr-gcc -mmcu=attiny13a blink.c -o blink.o
avr-gcc -mmcu=attiny45 blink.c -o blink.o
avr-gcc -mmcu=attiny85 blink.c -o blink.o
7. sample program upload options for ATTiny13a/ATTiny45/ATTiny85
sudo avrdude -p attiny13 -c avrispmkii -P usb -U flash:w:blink.hex
sudo avrdude -p attiny45 -c avrispmkii -P usb -U flash:w:blink.hex
sudo avrdude -p attiny85 -c avrispmkii -P usb -U flash:w:blink.hex
To find out which AVR chips your compiler and assembler support, type
Information to add. Someone in the group found a nice way to avoid having to upload the program using sudo. Document that here.